The Internet is a powerful tool for research but requires thoughtful attention to the issues of copyright and ethics. Anyone who creates and publishes information (text, graphics, icons, photographs, sounds, video, email messages, postings to newsgroups…) owns the copyright to that material. The copyright owner possesses the rights to copy, distribute, adapt, perform, display, transfer ownership, rent or lend the creative work. No visible notice of copyright is required for an item to be protected.
By publishing information on the Internet, a copyright owner allows others to view the material. Publishing on the Internet does not permit others to copy, download, distribute, edit, display, transfer, rent or lend the material. A copyright holder may, of course, contribute items to the public domain or intentionally permit their use.